In the US, television news broadcasting is heavily 'coloured' by government as a means to disseminate government policy, either domestic or foreign, down onto the federal states of the union, each of which are unitary authorities. Much of the modern 'craft' of television broadcasting as seen around the world in larger part has been pioneered in the US within this federal model. In order for the US to maintain its sovereignty, the national executive must maintain its influence over the unitary authorities of its member states. This has led to a geo-specific television broadcasting model or 'business logic' idiosyncratic to the US. The 'affiliate' system of television news consumption, is simply the business logic of transmitting the desires of the executive, onto the lower sovereign unitary authorities.

T. V Media Behind the Baricades.

T. V Media Behind the Baricades.

Television journalists reporting from the World Trade Organisation (WTO) talks at Cancun in Mexico in 2003 during a lull in rioting. Throughout this modern stage of Globalisation, television news broadcasters have been present in copious quantity to report on large-scale protests surrounding Globalisation institutions as they meet to construct international trade tariffs and agreements.

In the modern age of globalisation, 24 hour television news has pioneered instant dissemination of information often reporting highly complex subject matter with little or no actualised fact-checking or verification. This has led to a wholesale collapse of editorial standards throughout the world.

Picture Terence Bunch, Cancun, 10th September 2003.

Television news reporting in the modern era of Globalisation has gone on in tandem with major and serious structural political engineering of international relations between nations. Over the past 30 year period of Globalisation, television news broadcasting has led the way in international opinion forming. At present, there are a whole welter of large-scale media corporations disseminating information to an international audience over a 24 hour news cycle across time zones throughout most of the developed world. For many, internationalised business logic has come to the forefront as enabler of this information dissemination in service to the principle of Globalisation around the world.

As a result of the globalist 24 hour television news cycle, evidence is now strong that the natural boundaries that exist between nations of the world in this era of Globalisation are disappearing along with editorial standards of objectivity and impartiality as these media corporations compete to be first with the news. The 24 hour news cycle, in association with the business of competition, has led to an international loss of editorial trade-craft and the appearance of disposable broadcast 'journalese' that is having a chilling effect on the political and societal frameworks of domestic populations and governments.

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)


The British Broadcasting Corporation.

The British Broadcasting Corporation.

The logo or coat of arms of the British Broadcasting Corporation. This heraldry has been in use for much of the BBC's lifetime.

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) 1. is a large publicly funded broadcasting business head quartered in the United Kingdom. It is funded by revenue collected in the United Kingdom from tax revenue collected by the British government. The BBC 'Licence fee' is a compulsory payment linked legally to ownership of a television receiver. To own a receiver requires a licence under pain of fine or imprisonment.

It collects no advertising revenue from third party advertisers and claims a degree of independence as a result.

The BBC is overseen by the BBC Tust overseen by an Executive Board with the post of Director General setting editorial policy in his capacity as Chief Executive Officer. The Director General defers directly to the British Government on matters of the business of the BBC which sets remuneration policy and in some cases the British Foreign secretary may require consultation on matters involving the BBC and foreign governments.

The BBC's television news output is very heavily state-centric with a large percentage of its reporting being given over to government at the national and local level. Other reporting, especially crime and justice, tends to follow a populist tone with further populism evident in its political and cultural output. Its general news reporting is heavily influenced by business. The BBC operates a 'news division' with its own output stream. There is persistent evidence of friendly/hostile bias toward foreign states. Its ability to generate competent-insight material inside and outside the UK in documentary form is poor.

Cable News Network (CNN)


Cable News Network.

Cable News Network.

CNN has led the way in the Globalisation of television news due to its reliance of business logic which far from being economically sound, actually relates to the political necessity inherent in the US political system between the national executive government, and its union of unitary authority states.

Cable News Network (CNN) is a privately owned American news corporation operated by Time Warner, also head quartered in the United States. The corporation is subdivided into a CNN domestic US outlet and CNN International. CNN operates an affiliate system using object oriented business logic and retains around 4000 staff and freelancers around the world. Unlike the BBC, CNN uses locally based journalists in those territories in which it broadcasts who produce direct close quarter news content gathered at the local level.

CNN's business logic has seen it target cable, satellite and corporations around the world with an emphasis on servicing the business community. CNN is the principle competitor to the BBC but is smaller in size.

CNN's television news reporting is, like the BBC, heavily state-centric with large segments of its output dedicated toward its executive and legislative houses. It has a heavy populist slant toward crime and justice and almost all other content. Its general news reporting is heavily influenced by business. CNN shows strong evidence of friendly/hostile bias toward foreign states. Its ability to generate competent-insight material inside and outside the US in documentary form is moderate.

Russia Today (RT)


Russia Today.

Russia Today.

Russia Today broadcasts its television news output from Moscow often citing itself as a counterweight to the perception of bias held by many around the world directed at the mainstream media (MSM).

It has a strong presence within the online community.

Russia Today is a Government funded news broadcaster head quartered in Moscow, Russian Federation. The broadcaster transmits its content to most of the developed world and is free in many territories. It is second most watched foreign broadcaster in America. Its business logic is unclear and this has led to accusations of political bias, most usually from those attempting to garner information about its funding model for public dissemination. Russia Today began broadcasting in 2005 with a heavy emphasis on English speaking reporters producing content for a range of English speaking markets.

Russia Today has perhaps the strongest 'online' presence due in large part to its 'house style' of offering a counterweight to the traditional styles of the mainstream (MSM) media, which allows it to more properly sit in the online environment.

RT's television news reporting is generally impartial with little noticeable state intervention into its news output. It carries very little content from government at the local or national level. There is little evidence of the influence of business in its news reporting. RT exhibits little or no evidence of friendly/hostile bias toward foreign states. Its ability to generate competent-insight material inside and outside the RF in documentary form is broadly superior to its competitors.

Broadcasting under the Unitary/Federal national models.


The modern media world environment is of course always shaped and crafted by the governments from which territorial broadcasting is facilitated. In an age of Globalisation, the politic of Globalisation will inevitably shape television news content.

In the US, television news broadcasting is heavily 'coloured' by government as a means to disseminate government policy, either domestic or foreign, down onto the federal states of the union, each of which are unitary authorities. Much of the modern 'craft' of television broadcasting as seen around the world in larger part has been pioneered in the US within this federal model. In order for the US to maintain its sovereignty, the national executive must maintain its influence over the unitary authorities of its member states. This has led to a geo-specific television broadcasting model or 'business logic' idiosyncratic to the US. The 'affiliate' system of television news consumption, is simply the business logic of transmitting the desires of the executive, onto the lower sovereign unitary authorities.

Within the 'affiliate' system, sits the fundamental basics of the US 'system' in digital form. This business logic or federal format, when exported abroad, can work well within those nations who also operate a national executive overseeing a collection of unitary blocks, but becomes hazardous when introduced into nation states that are individual unitary authorities with a single internal executive. Where this occurs, the absence of an external executive is obliquely filled by the business logic being used and where that logic originates from the US, the aims, motifs and agenda of the corporate America is ordinarily detected. This is most often detected as bias.

In the United Kingdom, the 'states' of the United Kingdom are not unitary authorities but devolving territories in the midst of a process of devolution toward unitary authority status. The relationship between the executive in England and the devolving territories of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland sees the BBC in the midst of movement away from a single unitary model and toward an 'affiliate' federal model.

In the Russian Federation, what was a similar federal system has undergone severe disruption from 1989 to the present day with the dissolution of the former Soviet Union into a series of unitary authorities. However, residue from the balkanisation of the former USSR still exists in many former soviet states and so the 'affiliate' system is hampered by localised political hardships.

The effect of Television News.


Declining Confidence in Modern Media Models.

Declining Confidence in Modern Media Models.

In this poll 2. undertaken by the international polling group, GALLUP, attitudes in the United States toward media output have reversed in the post 2001 period with the majority of Americans now illustrating disinterest and displeasure with the content of media output. The relapse appears to have taken place at the beginning of 2004 and completed in the later part of 2005.

This period coincides with the realisation in America that US foreign policy had been misplaced over the invasion and attempted occupation of Iraq, which had cartwheeled into a domestic civil war.

At that time, the US Government pressured the US media to articulate the governments position, leading to a wholesale collapse of the media's ability to present itself as objective and impartial. The situation has yet to be corrected.

Television news broadcasting within the United States, United Kingdom and Russian Federation now constitutes the 'bulk' of international information sharing around the world. Combined, it is impossible to determine the television audience scope of these corporations due to a heavy reliance on satellite subscription packages which few subscribers actually watch, along with general problems that come about when large corporations release figures related to performance into a competitive economic Globalisation environment, but the three combined, will almost certainly constitute the majority of all available audiences.

Within the model of Globalisation currently in play around the world, television news output can be seen in terms of the post cold-war environment and the breaking up of unitary authorities of the old Soviet Union, the ongoing fragmentation of the territory of the United Kingdom into a zone of newly forming unitary states and the foreign policy of the executive branch of the United States in its efforts to consolidate control over its own union.

Alongside this growth, is appearing a worldwide malaise disinclined to accept information from television news corporations. As fewer and fewer television news organisations aggregate on the world stage under the terms of Globalisation, more and more people are likely to begin to detect inherent television news bias alongside ideological agenda, leading to a major and all encompassing loss of confidence in broadcast journalism as a whole.

Under the model of '24 hour news', television journalists have little or no motivation toward actualised fact checking on the ground due in large part to an already existing suspicion of bias among the consuming populace, and the limitations of having to immediately output information in order to remain competitive. As a result, there has been a creeping tendency toward 'breaking' international events of importance, and then passing the 'reaction' of those events over to domestic intelligence or political organisations in order to reveal a political narrative. By this method, is the public discourse developed...and by extension, is the policy of Globalisation enabled.

Globalisation, television news and war.


Military Media Model.

Television news 'journalists' have led the way in accommodating political and military agenda's with little or no oversight of critical appraisal doctrine. In the post 2001 period, US television news has led the way in plummeting standards of professionalism and arbitrary dissemination of information to the masses.

As a result, US audiences are now more ignorant of the workings and accountability of its government than at any time in the past.

Picture Wired.

There can be no doubt that television news has been responsible for tremendous good in exposing and undermining the false narrative of war and the revulsion seen around the world at the foreign policy of corporate America in Iraq and Afghanistan during this period of Globalisation. However, what good broadcasters have done in these areas is reversed completely by the tremendous damage they have done in motivating the wars. In the United Kingdom, media figures in both print and broadcast arena's have led the charge to war and been key in disseminating war propaganda in order to assist government war policy. In America, great swathes of the television news industry have soiled themselves with the squalor of that propaganda.

From the revolting spectacle of political news shows engaging in op-ed (sic - 'Operational Editorial') to the no less revolting spectacle of deliberately 'priming' an audience with known false information in order to 'steer' that audience to a Government correction at a later time. Just about every anti-social device available can be seen in modern television news output in service to hidden military or political Globalisation agenda's.

After a decade of a war the US and UK did not need to fight, television news in the US has broadly shamed itself by its conduct and left an entire generation indifferent to both its motives and its professionalism. As the world comes to terms with this loss of dignity, television news continues to operate to a political and military cue...and continues to drive it and the industry of broadcast journalism to a global dead end.

References.


1. "BROADCASTING. Copy of Royal Charter for the continuance of the British Broadcasting Corporation" DEPARTMENT FOR CULTURE, MEDIA AND SPORT (British Government) - Charter of Incorporation. [de-jure] 1st January 2007. © Crown Copyright 2006. 2. "Majority in U.S. Continues to Distrust the Media, Perceive Bias" by Lymari Morales. GALLUP. September 22nd 2011. http://www.gallup.com/poll/149624/majority-continue-distrust-media-perceive-bias.aspx